Puolication Ethics

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals.

Open access policy
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

License terms
The journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International License [BY-NC]. So that, referring to the journal’s content:

1- Any article published in IJLLT can be freely used and shared (free access to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format), as long as it is attributed to the author(s) and the journal by citing the name of the author(s) and the name of the journal [Attribution – BY].
2- The authors of the articles and the journal itself allow all types of non-commercial use of the papers and, on the contrary, restrict their use for commercial purposes [Non-commercial use – NC].
3- Users can use, reuse and build upon the material published in the journal but only for non-commercial purposes.

Authors copyright and publishing rights
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Role of the funding source
You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement, then this should be stated.

Ethics in publishing
If you have ethical concerns on a paper, whether published or in review, please contact the editor-in-Chief in the first instance. 

Conflict of interest
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. Each submitted paper should be accompanied by a Conflict of Interest Disclosure Statement signed and scanned.

Submission Declaration
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out. If accepted, it is agreed that it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder. 

Publisher’s Responsibilities
The publisher is dedicated to supporting the vast efforts of the editors, the academic contributions of authors, and the respected volunteer work undertaken by reviewers. The publisher is also responsible for ensuring that the publication system works smoothly, and that ethical guidelines are applied to assist the editor, author, and reviewer in performing their ethical duties.

Editor’s Responsibilities
The editor should acknowledge receipt of submitted manuscripts within two working days of receipt and ensure an efficient, fair, and timely review process.
The editor should ensure that submitted manuscripts are processed in a confidential manner, and that no content of the manuscripts will be disclosed to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
The editor should recuse himself or herself from processing manuscripts if he or she has any conflict of interest with any of the authors or institutions related to the manuscripts.
The editor should not disclose the names and other details of the reviewers to a third party without the permission of the reviewers.
The editor has the right to make the final decision on whether to accept or reject a manuscript with reference to the significance, originality, and clarity of the manuscript and its relevance to the journal.
The editor should by no means make any effort to oblige the authors to cite his or her journal either as an implied or explicit condition of accepting their manuscripts for publication.
The editor should not use for his or her own research any part of any data or work reported in submitted and as yet unpublished articles.
The editor should respond promptly and take reasonable measures when an ethical complaint occurs concerning a submitted manuscript or a published paper, and the editor should immediately contact and consult with the author. In this case, a written formal retraction or correction may also be required.

Author’s Responsibilities
The author should not submit concurrent manuscripts (or manuscripts essentially describing the same subject matter) to multiple journals. Likewise, an author should not submit any paper previously published anywhere to the journals for consideration. The publication of articles on specific subject matter, such as clinical guidelines and translations, in more than one journal is acceptable if certain conditions are met.
The author should present a precise and brief report of his or her research and an impartial description of its significance.
The author should honestly gather and interpret his or her research data. Publishers, editors, reviewers, and readers are entitled to request the author to provide the raw data for his or her research for convenience of editorial review and public access. If practicable, the author should retain such data for any possible use after publication.
The author should guarantee that the works he or she has submitted are original. If the author has used work and/or words by others, appropriate citations are required. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
The author should indicate explicitly all sources that have supported the research and also declare any conflict(s) of interest.
The author should give due acknowledgement to all of those who have made contributions to the research. Those who have contributed significantly to the research should be listed as coauthors. The author should ensure that all coauthors have affirmed the final version of the paper and have agreed on its final publication.
The author should promptly inform the journal editor of any obvious error(s) in his or her published paper and cooperate earnestly with the editor in retraction or correction of the paper. If the editor is notified by any party other than the author that the published paper contains an obvious error, the author should write a retraction or make the correction based on the medium of publication.

Corresponding Author
Regarding articles whose number of authors is bigger than one, a corresponding author should be nominated. The corresponding author will be responsible for the manuscript during the whole processing of the paper: from the submission to the publication, including the review and submission or revised version. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Co-authors
Each co-author is responsible for the correct presentation of the article and its contents, assuring the research originality and the fact that the article hasn’t been published in other journal.

Reviewer’s Responsibilities
The reviewer who feels unqualified to review the assigned manuscript or affirms that he or she cannot meet the deadline for completion of the review should immediately notify the editor and excuse himself or herself from the process of reviewing this manuscript.
The reviewer should inform the editor and recuse himself or herself from reviewing the manuscript if there is a conflict of interest. Specifically, the reviewer should recuse himself or herself from reviewing any manuscript authored or coauthored by a person with whom the reviewer has an obvious personal or academic relationship, if the relationship could introduce bias or the reasonable perception of bias.
The reviewer should treat the manuscript in a confidential manner. The manuscript should not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
The reviewer should approach the peer-review job objectively. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable.
The reviewer should not use for his or her own research any part of any data or work reported in submitted and as yet unpublished articles.
The reviewer should immediately notify the editor of any similarities between the manuscript under review and another paper either published or under consideration by another journal. The reviewer should immediately call to the editor’s attention a manuscript containing plagiarized material or falsified data.

Ethical violations
The International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation will immediately reject papers leading to the following ethical violations: 
      – Data fabrication and falsification 
      – Plagiarism 
      – Self-plagiarism 
      – Simultaneous submissions 
      – Duplicate publication 
      – Overlapping publications 
      – Redundant publications 
      – Selective reporting 
      – Misleading reporting 
      – Improper author contribution or attribution 
      – Gift authorship 
      – Citation manipulation 
      – Impact factor manipulation 
      – Index/influence measure manipulation 
      – Undeclared/fake financial support for publication 
      – Undisclosed conflicts of interest

Plagiarism Policy
No plagiarism and no fraudulent data will be accepted. All submitted articles will be firstly included in a plagiarism detection process using Turnitin software.

Corrections of errors; retractions, etc.
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to notify the publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Retraction of a paper is applied in the following cases: 
 – The paper leads to ethical violations (plagiarism, data fabrication, falsification, simultaneous submissions, duplicate publications, etc.) 
 – The paper contains errors which couldn’t be corrected in a subsequent erratum notice.

When a reader discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in a manuscript or has any other complaint about editorial content (plagiarism, duplicate papers, etc.), he/she should make a complaint by e-mail to: editor@ijllt.org. We welcome complaints as they provide an opportunity for improvement, and we aim to respond quickly and constructively.